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Industrial Fire Safety

Fire Risks.
Factories are considered to be a high fire risk in most cases and fires usually occur as the result of an accident with the process, causing a fire or somebodies carelessness. The risks are similar to those in Offices as all factories have offices however the level of risk varies as a result of the process being carry on and number of occupants and the time the premises are occupied, the six principle risk are,

Processes using flammable substances or machinery developing faults causing a fire. Many times it is a pure accident but often it is the lack of maintenance, operators error or unauthorized repairs which results in an accident which causes a fire. Training and strict procedures will eradicate many possible fires and lower the risk of fire.

Carelessly discarded smoking materials especially if it is allowed to come into contact with flammable items and in many factories there are highly flammable processes which give greater concern. A lighted cigarette end could take a long time to ignite any item, at which time the premise could be unoccupied. Use signs and constantly broadcast the dangers to the staff. A no smoking policy should be adopted throughout the premises ,with designated smoking areas for staff and as a result these areas can be supervised closely.
Electrical Apparatus can be a source of fire if they have been subjected to misuse and occasionally, electrical faults can occur on apparatus, usually because they have not been serviced regularly. All electrical equipment should be tested annually and keep the staff informed of the possible dangers associated with the different types of equipment.
Kitchenettes or tea rooms can be a risk dependent on what has been provided especially if food that is cooking is left unattended. Full dining facilities and kitchens are a high risk but this is lessened by having fully trained staff in attendance at all times.
A higher fire risk are store rooms and warehouses because a large quantity of flammable goods may stored with limited supervision. House keeping and ensuring the storerooms are keep as tidy as possible will reduce the risk, this also applies to the premises as a whole. An added danger in warehouse are they are usually large undivided areas and if fire starts it will spread uncontrolled unless fixed installations are installed. Also ensure the dangers are discussed at all training sessions.
Tradesmen on the premises, especially those that use apparatus that is capable of starting a fire, like blow lamps, gas torches, metal angle cutters, etc. One needs to ensure a high degree of supervision with suitable fire fighting equipment available during and after their presence. Give the area they have been working in a through inspection and make sure no hot spots or small fires have been missed.

 


Fire Prevention Comments For Industrial Buildings
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