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SUPPLY & RETURN: In order to effectively move the air through the occupied space, you will require some form of air duct system to both bring the warm/moist or cold air back to the HVAC system or Air Handler (thru return air ducts) to be properly cooled or heated. And you will require a system of supply ducts to take the cooled or heated air back to the occupied space. These systems of return and supply ducts are absolutely necessary for proper conditioning of the entire occupied area. For more information on supply & return ducts, click here.

The number of supply and return ducts is also a factor in proper heating and cooling. Having ample return ducts in any home or commercial facility increases the ability to more rapidly cool and/or heat the air. The faster you can cool or heat all the air, the less energy is used and a higher degree of comfort is achieved. Conversely, having too few returns or supply ducts will create cold or warm spots or areas in the occupied space. In addition, the ability for the HVAC system to filter the air through the air filter will be reduced significantly when the number of return air ducts is reduced. For more information on supply & return ducts, click here.

Sheet metal ducts
Textile ducts
Fibros Ducts


Duct Construction and Leakage
Selecting appropriate duct construction is an important part of minimizing duct leakage. A specification for duct construction and sealing needs to be determined early in the duct design process. The engineer should specify a leakage class [ASHRAE, 1997] to meet the requirements of the system application and local energy conservation code. Project specification should allow appropriate duct leakage and leakage testing following the "HVAC Air Duct Leakage Test Manual" [SMACNA, 1985]. Random testing should always be required as part of air balancing

Hvac Duct Design Software



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