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DEFINITIONS

1. (1) In this Regulation,

"air handling system" means an assembly of connected ducts, plenums or other air passages with associated fittings through which air is conducted, but does not include a cooking exhaust system;

"approved" means approved by the Fire Marshal;

"basement" means that portion of a hotel between two floor levels that is situated below the first storey;

"basic area" means the horizontal projected area inside the perimeter of the exterior or boundary walls;

"dead-end corridor" means a corridor or part of a corridor from which an exit is accessible in one direction only;

"exit" includes,

  (a) an aisle, doorway, corridor, hallway, passageway, stairway, ramp, lobby, foyer and vestibule,

but does not include,

  (b) an escalator, elevator, slide escape, sliding door, turnstile, revolving door, overhead door, folding door, doorway to an enclosed court, ladder, hatch or window, except where approved as an alternate means of egress from a boiler, furnace, mechanical service, electrical service or other service room, or

  (c) a ramp with a gradient in excess of one in eight, or a doorway or passageway leading the public through a boiler room, furnace room, kitchen or other service room;

"fire alarm signal" means a clearly audible alarm or sound that is intended to warn of fire;

"fire alarm signalling device" means a sounding device that emits a fire alarm signal;

"fire damper" means a blade or damper arranged to interrupt air flow through part of an air handling system, so as to restrict the passage of heat and smoke;

"fire door" means a solid steel or hollow-steel or steel-clad door and frame or combination thereof or other approved door and frame that is self-closing and positive latching and may contain wired glass panels;

"fire extinguisher rating" means the rating of an extinguisher for extinguishing capacity and class of fire;

"fire hazard classification" means the rating assigned to a material upon an approved test of the flame spread, fuel contribution and smoke development of a representative specimen conducted by,

  (a) The National Research Council of Canada,

  (b) Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, or

  (c) another approved testing laboratory;

"fire resistance rating" means the rating assigned to an assembly upon an approved test of the time of fire resistance of a representative specimen conducted by,

  (a) The National Research Council of Canada,

  (b) Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, or

  (c) another approved testing laboratory;

"fire separation" means construction that is a barrier against the spread of fire and smoke, every opening in which is protected by closures, shafts or other approved means so that openings are effectively sealed against the passage of smoke and flame, rated in accordance with Table 1;

"fire wall" means a continuous, self-supporting, noncombustible fire separation that has a fire resistance rating of at least two hours and terminates on,

  (a) the ground,

  (b) an exterior wall surface,

  (c) an exterior roof surface, and

  (d) another fire wall;

"flammable liquid" means a liquid with a flash point below 38C and a vapour pressure of 280 kPa (absolute) at 38C;

"floor area" means the area of any room, floor, or part of a floor of a hotel, measured from the inside surface of the walls which form its boundaries;

"grade" means the average level of the surface of the ground at the outside walls of a hotel;

"heavy timber construction" means an approved type of wood construction in which a degree of fire endurance is attained by requiring minimum sizes for wood structural assemblies;

"height in storeys" means the number of storeys between the roof of a hotel's uppermost storey and the floor of its first storey;

"high-rise hotel" means a hotel 18m or more in height above grade;

"hold-open device" means an electrically actuated hold-open device, listed by Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada or another approved testing laboratory, that automatically closes a fire door or smoke door on activation of a fire alarm signal or on power failure;

"interior finish materials" means materials that form part of or are affixed to interior walls, ceilings, floors and other exposed interior surfaces, including,

  (a) wallpaper, plastic wall coverings, panelling, veneers, and paints and sprayed coating material having a thickness of more than 1.5mm,

but not including,

  (b) baseboards, mouldings, trim, doors, windows, door and window frames, chalkboards, notice boards, showcases, paints and sprayed coating material having a thickness of 1.5mm or less, heavy timber construction, skylights, skydomes, decorations, drapes, furniture and lighting fixtures;

"noncombustible", when applied to a material or combination of materials, means material that will pass an approved test for determination of noncombustibility in building materials conducted by,

  (a) The Canadian Standards Association Testing Laboratories,

  (b) The National Research Council of Canada,

  (c) Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, or

  (d) another approved testing laboratory;

"noncombustible construction" means an approved type of construction in which a degree of fire safety is obtained by the use of noncombustible material for structural assemblies and by limiting the amount of combustible material that is incorporated in the building construction;

"occupant load" means the total number of persons that may occupy a hotel or part thereof at any one time, based on the allotment of a certain portion of the floor area for each person;

"panic hardware" means an approved bar or panel listed by Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada or another approved laboratory or an approved bar or panel extending at least two-thirds the width of a door, placed at a height suitable for the service required, at least 1.1m above the floor, and designed to cause the door to open when a pressure of 90N or less is applied to the bar or panel in the direction of egress;

"place of assembly" means a floor area that has an occupant load based on 1.2m2 or less per person, as designated in section 13;

"products of combustion detector" means a fire detector designed to cause a fire alarm system to operate when the concentration of air-borne combustion products exceeds a predetermined level;

"self-closing device" means a door-closer listed by Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada, or another approved testing laboratory, designed to return a door to the closed position on being opened;

"smoke alarm" means a fire detector designed to produce an audible signal when the concentration of airborne combustion products exceeds a predetermined level;

"smoke detector" means a products of combustion detector;

"standpipe and hose system" means a system of pipes and hoses connected to a water supply for the purpose of applying water to a fire;

"storage garage" means a part of a hotel used or intended to be used for the storage of automobiles;

"total floor area" means the area of all floors of basements, mezzanines, storeys and penthouses in a hotel, measured from the inside surface of the exterior or boundary walls;

"unit of exit width" means 550mm, and 300mm added to one or more full units of exit width shall be counted as one-half unit of exit width;

"wired glass" means glass at least 6mm thick in which a mesh structure of wire is imbedded and completely covered;

"wired glass screen" means a partition of steel or steel-clad framing containing wired glass panels none of which have an area exceeding .84m2.

(2) Wherever in this Regulation reference is made to a hotel that,

  (a) is constructed after a specific date, "constructed" means that building operations have progressed to the stage where excavation for the footings is complete; or

  (b) exists on a specific date, "exists" means that building operations have progressed beyond the stage where excavation for the footings is complete.

2. In this Regulation,
C means Celsius degrees
cm means centimetres
hr means hours
kg means kilograms
kPa means kilopascals
lx means Illuminations
m means metres
mm means millimetres
N means Newtons

 
 
 
   
 
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