FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS
DESIGN AND INSTALLATION
46. (1) A fire alarm system in a hotel shall be electrically
supervised, with all its components listed by Underwriters'
Laboratories of Canada or the Canadian Standards Association
Testing Laboratories and installed in a manner that is compatible
with each other according to their listing or as approved.
(2) Where a hotel fire alarm system is installed, extended
or modified after the 1st day of June, 1984, the installation,
extension or modification shall be,
(a) completed to the U.L.C. S524-M1980 Standard
for Installation of Fire Alarm Systems; and
(b) verified to the U.L.C. S537-1980 Standard
for Verification of Fire Alarm System Installations.
47. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a hotel
shall not have more than one fire alarm system, unless otherwise
(2) A hotel three storeys or less in height may have
fire alarms consisting of smoke alarms of the single station
type, installed in suites and rooms occupied individually,
provided each suite and room occupied individually,
(a) has direct access or access by a balcony
to the outdoors at grade level;
(b) is separated from adjacent rooms by
a fire separation of 3/4-hour fire resistance rating, with
any opening in the fire separation protected by a solid
core wood door at least 44.5mm thick.
(3) A hotel three storeys or less in height that provides
sleeping accommodation for not more than ten persons may
have fire alarms consisting of,
(a) smoke alarms installed in corridors
immediately outside each sleeping area and in corridors
on each floor; and
(b) one manual fire alarm station on each
floor, in an area acceptable to the inspector,
electrically interconnected so that the activation of
any manual fire alarm station or smoke alarm will cause
all smoke alarms to operate.
SOURCES OF POWER
48. (1) Every hotel fire alarm system shall be provided
with two sources of power, each of which shall be capable
of supplying the system for a period of twenty-four hours
under maximum normal operation conditions and of sounding
the fire alarm signal throughout the hotel for five consecutive
minutes at the end of that twenty-four hour period.
(2) Despite subsection (1), a smoke alarm shall be provided
with one source of power connected to the primary source
of power on a separate circuit equipped with separate circuit
breakers or fuse switches, unless otherwise approved.
(3) Where a hotel is supplied with power by Ontario
Hydro, a municipal corporation, a public utility or the
hydro-electric commission of a municipality, that power
shall be the primary source of power and the secondary source
shall be rechargeable batteries equipped with a charger
or a generator which automatically starts in the event of
failure of the primary source.
(4) Where a hotel is not supplied with outside power
as described in subsection (3), a generator and rechargeable
batteries equipped with a charger may be used as the two
sources of power.
(5) The fire alarm system connection to the primary
source of power shall be on a separate circuit equipped
with separate circuit breakers or fuse switches.
49. In every hotel that is four or more storeys in height
or has a total floor area of 4,000m2 or more,
a zoned visual annunciator panel, indicating not more than
one storey or basement per zone, unless otherwise approved,
shall be installed in the main reception area or another
50. (1) In every hotel, unless otherwise approved, a
manual fire alarm station for initiating a fire alarm signal
shall be installed in the main reception area or in another
approved location, and in all basements and storeys,
(a) at every exit stairway; and
(b) at every exterior exit,
(i) from a corridor or lobby,
(ii) from a place of assembly.
(2) Despite subsection (1), one manual fire alarm station
may serve two exits if,
(a) the exits are not more than 9m apart;
(b) the exits are on the same basement or
(c) the station is readily accessible and
visible from each exit.
(3) A manual fire alarm station shall be red in colour
and shall be,
(a) readily accessible and unobstructed
by any swinging door or other means;
(b) readily visible; and
(c) installed at a height not less than
1.2m and not more than 1.5m measured vertically from the
finished floor surface.
51. (1) Every part of a hotel shall be served by,
(a) a heat actuated fire detection system;
(b) an automatic sprinkler system;
(c) a products of combustion detection system;
(d) a smoke detection system; or
(e) a combination of the systems listed
in clauses (a) to (d), installed so that all areas are provided
with heat actuated detectors, products of combustion detectors,
smoke detectors or sprinkler head coverage.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to corridors, washrooms,
closets in suites and rooms occupied individually, sauna
rooms, swimming pools and refrigerated areas.
(3) On or before the 1st day of June, 1985, every suite
and room occupied individually in a hotel that was constructed
on or before the 1st day of September, 1971,
(a) shall be made to comply with subsection
(i) have a products of combustion
detection system or smoke detection system installed in
every corridor serving the suite or room, and
(ii) be separated from adjacent
rooms, suites and corridors by a 3/4-hour fire separation,
with openings protected by a solid wood core door at least
(4) The systems referred to in subsection (1) shall
be electrically interconnected to the fire alarm system
so that operation of any detector or sprinkler will cause
the fire alarm system to operate.
ALARM SIGNALLING DEVICES
52. Alarm signalling devices in a hotel fire alarm system
(a) installed in all basements and storeys,
unless otherwise approved;
(b) located so that the fire alarm signal,
when sounded, may be heard throughout the hotel over all
normal sounds at any time; and
(c) distinctive in sound.
53. (1) Pre-signal alarm systems designed to warn only
supervisory staff upon actuation of a manual fire alarm
station, a heat actuated detector, a sprinkler head, a products
of combustion detector or a smoke detector shall not be
used in a hotel.
(2) Despite subsection (1), in a hotel that has four
or more storeys or a total floor area of 4,000m2
(a) a zoned two-stage or multi-stage alarm
system may be used if its installation is approved, if when
the alarm system operates, a general evacuation signal sounds
in the initiated fire zone and a general alert signal sounds
throughout the remainder of the hotel; and
(b) a central station system may be used
if its installation is approved, if when the system operates,
a general evacuation signal sounds in the initiated fire
zone and an alarm signal is transmitted automatically to
the fire department or to an approved central station agency
that is open continuously and has personnel in attendance
trained to notify the fire department immediately and provide
any other proper response,
if the general evacuation signal can be initiated throughout
the entire hotel,
(c) from a station in the main reception
area or some other approved area; and
(d) by means of a key inserted in any station
or by some other approved means.
54. A trouble signal sounding device and, where the
trouble signal sounding device has a silencing switch, a
trouble light shall be installed in the main reception area
or in another approved location acceptable to the inspector.