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Hotel Fire Safety Act

EXITS

GENERAL

12. Exits shall be provided from rooms, podiums, terraces, platforms, contained open spaces or other areas intended for occupancy in or in connection with a hotel to a public thoroughfare or to an approved open space which has access to a public thoroughfare.

OCCUPANT LOAD

13. (1) The occupant load of a floor area for an occupancy referred to in Column 1 of Table 2 shall not exceed one person per unit of floor area shown in Column 2 of Table 2 opposite that occupancy, unless otherwise approved.

(2) The occupant load of a floor area may vary if it is used for different occupancies at different times, but the exits from the floor area shall provide the number of units of exit width prescribed by section 18 for the greatest occupant load.

(3) Despite subsection (1), where exits from a floor area in a hotel existing on the 1st day of September, 1971 provide less than one-half unit of exit width for every thirty persons of the occupant load determined under Table 2, the occupant load of the floor area shall not exceed thirty persons for every one-half unit of exit width actually provided.

NUMBER OF EXITS

14. (1) Every floor area in a hotel shall be provided with at least two independent well-separated exits unless,

  (a) the floor area is intended for use as a place of assembly, its occupant load does not exceed sixty persons and the distance of travel to an exit from any point in the floor area does not exceed 15m;

  (b) the floor area is intended for storage and does not exceed 200m2 and the distance of travel to an exit from any point in the floor area does not exceed 23m; or

  (c) the floor area is intended for a use other than those described in clauses (a) and (b) and does not exceed 100m2 or have an occupant load greater than sixty persons.

(2) Every place of assembly in a hotel shall be provided with at least,

  (a) three independent well-separated exits, where its occupant load is 600 persons or more; and

  (b) four independent well-separated exits, where its occupant load is 1,000 persons or more.

(3) Where a room or floor area is divided into individual places of assembly for licensing or other purposes,

  (a) by a partition or partitions not more than 1.35m in height; or

  (b) by a partition or partitions more than 1.35m in height, but having sufficient open area suitable for egress,

and each place of assembly has at least one independent exit, egress through an adjacent place or places of assembly to an exit is permitted.

LOCATION OF EXITS

15. (1) Exits from a room or floor area, basement or storey shall be well-separated by distance.

(2) Despite subsection (1), in hotels of noncombustible construction, two stairways that are not well-separated by distance or two contiguous stairways are permitted as separate exits from a basement or storey if,

  (a) any common fire separation between two such stairways,

    (i) is a two hour fire separation,

    (ii) is constructed to prevent any possibility of smoke or fire passing from one stairway to another, and

    (iii) has no doorways, duct pipe, conduit or other openings; and

  (b) where the hotel is constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971,

    (i) the stairways are separated from the hotel by a two hour fire separation,

    (ii) each basement and storey served by both stairways is divided by a 3/4-hour fire separation so that an exit is located on each side of the separation, and

    (iii) no point in the basement or storey is more than 30m in travel distance from an exit.

16. In a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 the travel distance from at least one exit of a room or other floor area along a corridor to a basement or storey exit shall not exceed 30m unless otherwise approved.

17. (1) In a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971, dead-end corridors shall not be longer than 6m plus the width of the corridor, unless otherwise approved.

(2) Despite subsection (1), unless otherwise approved, no floor area may be served by a dead-end corridor where,

  (a) the floor area is intended for use as a place of assembly and its occupant load is greater than sixty persons;

  (b) the floor area is intended for storage and exceeds 200m2; or

  (c) the floor area,

    (i) is intended for a use other than those described in clauses (a) and (b), and

    (ii) exceeds 100m2 or has an occupant load greater than sixty persons.

WIDTH OF EXITS

18. (1) Exits from a place of assembly or other floor area in a hotel shall provide one-half unit of exit width for every thirty persons of occupant load, unless otherwise approved.

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), the occupant load of a suite or room occupied individually is two persons.

19. Where two or more exits are required from a place of assembly or other floor area in a hotel a sufficient number of units of exit width shall be provided so that the required number of units is not reduced by more than half if any one exit becomes inaccessible in an emergency.

20. The minimum number of units of exit width required from a place of assembly or other floor area in a hotel shall be provided in the exits leading from the place of assembly or other floor area to the exterior.

21. Exits in a hotel, unless otherwise approved, shall have a minimum clear width of not less than,

  (a) 914mm in areas with an occupant load of more than fifty persons;

  (b) 914mm in stairways, including interior and exterior doorways, steps and landings;

  (c) 1.1m in corridors; and

  (d) 750mm in all other cases.

 

HEIGHT OF EXITS

22. Exits in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 shall have a head room clearance of at least,

  (a) 2130mm in a corridor;

  (b) 2030mm in a doorway; and

  (c) 2060mm, measured vertically above any landing or the nosing of any stair tread, in stairways.

OBSTRUCTIONS TO EXIT

23. (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), nothing shall project into or be fixed within the required width of an exit in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971.

(2) Handrails may project up to 90mm into the required width on each side.

(3) Swinging doors in their swing may reduce the required width of stairways or landings to a width not less than 750mm.

24. (1) Exits in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 shall be constructed so that,

  (a) no door opens immediately onto a flight of stairs but opens onto a landing at least as long and as wide as the width of the door; and

  (b) every exterior exit door opens directly onto a landing.

(2) Despite clause (1)(b), where there is danger of obstruction by ice and snow, the landing may be installed up to 150mm below the elevation of the bottom of an exterior exit door.

25. Exit doors to exit stairway enclosures, exterior exit doors from stairway enclosures, exit doors from places of assembly, exit doors from corridors used by the public and exit doors from rooms having an occupant load of sixty or more persons shall open in the direction of egress.

 

STAIRWAYS

26. In stairways in or connecting to a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971,

  (a) landings shall be at least as long and as wide as the width of the stairs in which they occur except that in a straight run, the length of a landing is not required to exceed 1.1m;

  (b) stairs shall have a wall or a well-secured balustrade or guard on each side;

  (c) stairs shall have a handrail on one side, and when 1.1m or more in width shall have a handrail on both sides;

  (d) every stair balustrade or guard shall be at least 800mm in height, measured vertically above the nosing of the tread, and at least 1m in height measured vertically above the surface of a landing or platform;

  (e) risers of steps shall be at least 125mm and not more than 200mm high, treads of steps shall be at least 230mm wide, exclusive of nosing, and all treads less than 250mm in width shall have a nosing of approximately 25mm over the tread or landing immediately below, unless otherwise approved;

  (f) steps shall have a uniform rise and run in any one flight, and shall not alter appreciably in rise and run in successive flights; and

  (g) treads of winders or winding steps used in a stairway shall be at least 230mm wide, measured 230mm away from the handrail at the narrow end of the tread, unless otherwise approved.

27. (1) Exterior stairways or fire escapes shall not extend more than one storey above the first storey in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 unless otherwise approved.

(2) In exterior stairways or fire escapes in a hotel existing on the 1st day of September, 1971,

  (a) the stair shall not be inclined at an angle of more than 45 degrees from the horizontal;

  (b) risers of steps shall not exceed 220mm in height and treads of steps shall be at least 220mm in width, exclusive of nosing;

  (c) head room clearance shall be at least 1.9m, plus the height of one riser, measured vertically above the nosing of any tread or above a platform or landing;

  (d) any balconies onto which doors open shall have a clear area of at least 1.2m2;

  (e) the open side of every platform, landing balcony and stairway shall be protected by substantial balustrades or guards at least 800mm measured vertically above the nosing of any tread and at least 914mm in height measured vertically above a landing or platform;

  (f) the staircase shall be at least 550mm wide; and

  (g) where the stairway or fire escape is more than 550mm in width, there shall be a handrail on the wall side.

(3) The bottom flight of an exterior stairway may be counter-balanced, if,

  (a) it is held in the up position without a latch or locking device;

  (b) it is fitted with a counter-balancing device that keeps the bottom flight in the up position by a weight permanently fastened to an extension of the stair stringers that will allow it to be brought into position for use easily and quickly;

  (c) it has a bronze bushing for every pivot and one or more bronze plates separating all movable contacting steel surfaces of the stair; and

  (d) it reaches the ground in the down position.

EXIT SIGNS

28. (1) Exit signs shall be installed in a hotel to indicate,

  (a) exits from places of assembly with occupant load greater than sixty persons;

  (b) exit stairways and fire escapes; and

  (c) exits from exit stairway enclosures and corridors to the exterior.

(2) All exit signs in a hotel shall show the word "EXIT" in plain legible block letters that are,

  (a) internally illuminated at all times where power is provided by Ontario Hydro, a public utility, a municipal corporation or the hydro-electric commission of a municipality;

  (b) coloured red on an opaque or contrasting field; and

  (c) at least 114mm high with a 19mm stroke.

(3) Doors on exit stairways shall be marked on both sides indicating the floor level in plain legible block letters or numbers at least 114mm high with a 19mm stroke.

 

LIGHTING OF EXITS

29.(1) Every exit and corridor providing access to an exit shall be equipped to provide illumination to an average level of at least 50 lx at floor level and at all points such as angles and intersections at changes of level where there are stairs and ramps.

(2) Places of assembly with an occupant load over 60 persons, corridors and exits in hotels required to have a fire alarm system shall be provided with emergency lighting to average levels of at least 10 lx at floor or tread level.

(3) An emergency power supply shall be provided to maintain the emergency lighting required in subsection (2) from a power source such as batteries or a generator that will continue to supply power if the regular power supply to the building is interrupted, and shall be so designed and installed that upon failure of the regular power supply it will assume the electrical load automatically for a period of,

  (a) two hours for all high-rise hotels; and

  (b) 1/2-hour for all other hotel buildings required to have emergency lighting, unless otherwise approved.

EXIT DOOR HARDWARE

30. (1) Every exit door of a suite and of a sleeping room occupied individually shall open readily for exit purposes without the use of a key.

(2) Every door that serves as an exit from any floor area or part of a floor area with an occupant load of more than sixty persons shall be equipped with panic type hardware.

(3) For the purpose of subsection (2), the occupant load of a suite or room occupied individually is two persons.

(4) Every exit door shall be designed and installed so that when the latch is released, the door will open readily for exit purposes without the use of a key.

(5) In a high-rise hotel there shall be a door, unlocked at all times, leading from every exit stairway into the floor area of every floor above grade.

HOLD-OPEN DEVICES

31. (1) A fire door in a kitchen separation and a fire door or a smoke door in a corridor may be held open by a hold-open device.

(2) A fire door to a lobby or other entrance area that is within the stairway separation may be held open with a hold-open device provided the stairway is separated from the entrance area by at least a 3/4-hour fire separation.

 
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