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Hotel Fire Safety Act
CONSTRUCTION - STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLIES

3. (1) A hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 that is one storey in height "shall have,

  (a) floor assemblies above basements constructed as fire separations of heavy timber construction, 3/4-hour fire separations or combinations thereof; and

  (b) load bearing walls, columns and arches supporting floor assemblies above basements constructed of heavy timber construction, construction having a 3/4-hour fire resistance rating or combinations thereof.

(2) A hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 that is two storeys in height shall have,

  (a) floor assemblies constructed as fire separations of heavy timber construction, 3/4-hour fire separations or combinations thereof;

  (b) balconies and mezzanines constructed of heavy timber construction, noncombustible construction, construction having a 3/4-hour fire resistance rating or combinations thereof; and

  (c) load bearing walls, columns and arches constructed of heavy timber construction, construction having 3/4-hour fire resistance rating or combinations thereof.

(3) A hotel or an addition to a hotel that is constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 that is three or more storeys in height shall be of noncombustible construction and shall have,

  (a) floor assemblies constructed as two hour fire separations;

  (b) a roof assembly, balconies and mezzanines of construction having a one hour fire resistance rating; and

  (c) load bearing walls, columns and arches having a fire resistance rating at least equivalent to the fire resistance rating of the construction which they support.

(4) Despite subsections (1), (2) and (3),

  (a) a floor assembly is not required to be constructed as a fire separation between the first storey and the next storey above, between the first storey and the first basement below or between two contiguous basements or storeys up to the fifth storey if,
(i) the hotel is of noncombustible construction,
(ii) the unseparated floors do not have sleeping accommodation, and
(iii) the required fire resistance rating of the floor assembly is maintained;

  (b) storage garages and open air parking garages are not required to have a separation between floors; and

  (c) where alternative measures can be demonstrated that, in the opinion of the Fire Marshal, provide an equivalent level of safety, the Fire Marshal may approve the measures and may modify or waive the fire resistance rating or fire separation of construction assemblies required by subsections (1), (2) and (3).

FIRE WALLS

4. (1) Unless otherwise approved, where the basic area of a hotel or of an addition or additions constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 is more than 600m2 and the hotel or the addition or additions are not of noncombustible construction, the hotel or addition or additions shall be divided by fire walls or by fire walls and exterior walls into vertical compartments having a basic area of not more than 600m2.

(2) Where an addition or additions having a basic area of more than 600m2 are made to a hotel after the 1st day of September, 1971 and the addition or additions or the original hotel are not of noncombustible construction, a fire wall shall be erected between the part of the hotel existing on the 1st day of September, 1971 and the addition or additions, unless otherwise approved.

(3) Where a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed or a building converted for hotel use after the 1st day of September, 1971 is directly connected to an adjacent building which is not a hotel, the hotel shall be separated from the adjacent building by a fire wall or another approved means or the adjacent building shall meet the requirements of this Regulation as if it were a hotel.

(4) Subsidiary occupancies such as assembly rooms, licensed or unlicensed lounges, dining rooms, cafeterias, hairdressing and barber shops and banks that are operated in connection with a hotel shall be separated from the hotel by at least a one hour fire separation unless they are protected by a fully automatic sprinkler system.

STAIRWAYS

5. (1) Interior stairways connecting basements, storeys or the first storey and the first basement below shall be separated from the hotel by a 3/4-hour fire separation, unless otherwise approved.

(2) Despite subsection (1), a stairway in a hotel connecting only the first storey and the next storey above, the first storey and the first basement below, two contiguous basements or two contiguous storeys up to the fifth storey need not be separated, provided,

  (a) the hotel is of noncombustible construction; and

  (b) the unseparated floors do not have sleeping accommodation.

(3) Unless otherwise approved, exterior stairways or fire escapes sewing any storey above the second storey or any basement below the first basement in a hotel shall be separated from the hotel,

  (a) by a 3/4-hour fire separation; or

  (b) by having all,

    (i) windows, except first storey display windows, protected by wired glass in fixed steel or steel-clad sash,

    (ii) doorways protected by fire doors, and

    (iii) other openings protected by closures,

where the windows, doorways or other openings are located horizontally within 3m of the stairway, within 3 storeys or 10m below it or within 1.8m above it.

(4) Exterior stairways or fire escapes of a hotel shall be,

  (a) constructed in a strong substantial manner of metal or concrete; and

  (b) securely fixed to the hotel,

but an exterior stairway extending only up to the second storey of a hotel that is not or is not required to be of noncombustible construction may be constructed of wood if,

  (c) all posts or brackets are at least 89mm in their least nominal dimension; and

  (d) all other woodwork is at least 38mm in its least nominal dimension.

(5) Exterior stairways leading across roofs shall be provided with handrails on both sides of the walkway leading to the stairway at the edge of the roof, unless otherwise approved.

(6) Exterior stairways or fire escapes below grade shall be,

  (a) enclosed by side walls and a roof, with a door to ground at the upper landing;

  (b) provided with a roof projecting horizontally for a distance of at least 1.8m beyond any step or landing; or

  (c) provided with some other approved construction or device to prevent snow accumulating in the stairway.

6. Where a stairway in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 is required as an exit to ground from a basement or storey and is required to be separated, the separation shall be constructed with an exterior exit so that a person on the stairway will be able to reach the outside without having to leave the separation and re-enter the hotel.

 

SLEEPING ACCOMMODATION

7. (1) Hotel suites and sleeping rooms occupied individually in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971 shall be separated from adjacent rooms, suites and corridors or other interior exits by a 3/4-hour fire separation.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the 3/4-hour fire separation requirement does not apply to doorway openings.

8. (1) The door of a sleeping room occupied individually and the door of a suite opening into a sleeping room occupied individually, another suite or a corridor or other interior exit, in a hotel or an addition to a hotel constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971, shall be of solid wood core construction with a thickness of 44.5mm, unless otherwise approved.

(2) The door of a sleeping room occupied individually and the door of a suite opening into a corridor or other interior exit shall not be,

  (a) undercut more than 19mm; or

  (b) equipped with grills or other openings.

(3) No transom, grill or other ventilation opening that is not connected to a duct in an air handling system shall be installed between the floor and the ceiling in a wall separating a corridor or other interior exit from a sleeping room occupied individually or from a suite.

(4) Subsection (3) does not apply to a transom, grill or other ventilation opening installed between the floor and the ceiling in a wall separating a corridor or other interior exit from a sleeping room occupied individually or from a suite where the transom, grill or other ventilation opening,

  (a) was installed before the 1st day of September, 1971; and

  (b) is provided with a fire separation at least equal to the fire separation of the door of the sleeping room or suite opening onto the corridor or other interior exit.

HAZARDOUS AREAS

9. (1) Boilers, furnaces, incinerators and fuel-fired space heating appliances shall be separated from the hotel by a one hour fire separation unless otherwise approved.

(2) Despite subsection (1),

  (a) an oil or gas fired heating appliance may be installed on the roof of a hotel of noncombustible construction;

  (b) a sealed combustion chamber, oil or gas fired heating appliance may be installed in any room that is separated from the hotel by a 3/4-hour fire separation or by walls and ceilings of plaster, plasterboard or other approved noncombustible material, provided the room has direct access to the outdoors; and

  (c) a fireplace or lamp need not be separated.

(3) Laundry rooms, storage areas exceeding .6m2 in floor area and maintenance shops shall be separated from the hotel by at least a 3/4-hour fire separation, unless otherwise approved.

(4) Solid core wood doors at least 44.5mm thick are acceptable as fire doors for closures on openings requiring protection under subsection (3).

10. (1) A kitchen or a room containing a fuel-fired cooking appliance in a fixed location shall be separated from the hotel by a 3/4-hour fire separation, unless otherwise approved.

(2) Despite subsection (1), a kitchen,

  (a) within a suite need not be separated; or

  (b) provided with cooking equipment having an approved exhaust system and fixed extinguishing system need not be separated.

(3) Where a kitchen is connected to an adjacent dining area by means of a pass-through opening,

  (a) the kitchen and the dining area shall be separated from the hotel as an integral area; or

  (b) the kitchen shall be separated from the dining area and the pass-through opening shall be protected by a shutter, closeable on the operation of a fusible link or some other approved device.

11. (1) Linen and rubbish chutes shall be enclosed in shafts or separated from the hotel in another approved manner to provide at least one hour fire separation.

(2) In hotels and additions to hotels constructed after the 1st day of September, 1971,

  (a) linen chute and rubbish chute service openings in chutes enclosed in shafts shall be protected by approved chute doors listed by Underwriters' Laboratories of Canada or by another approved testing laboratory;

  (b) linen chute and rubbish chute doors in chutes enclosed in shafts shall open into rooms which are separated from the hotel by a 3/4-hour fire separation; and

  (c) linen chutes and rubbish chutes enclosed in shafts shall be equipped at the top with an opening or other approved device for automatic venting to the outside.

(3) Linen chutes and rubbish chutes enclosed in shafts shall terminate or discharge directly into rooms which are separated from the hotel by a one hour fire separation.

(4) An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in a linen or rubbish chute extending three or more storeys, so that there is sprinkler head protection at the top of the chute and in the linen or rubbish room at the bottom of the chute.

 
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