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Glass &Windows Selection

Fan Control

In many heating and ventilating systems, the volume of air handled by the fan varies. The choice of the proper method for varying

To control flow, the characteristic of either the system or the fan must be changed. The system characteristic curve may be altered by installing dampers or orifice plates. This technique reduces flow by increasing the system pressure required and, therefore, increases power consumption.

Changing the fan characteristic ( pt curve) for control can reduce power consumption. From the standpoint of power consumption,
the most desirable method of control is to vary the fan speed to produce the desired performance. If the change is infrequent, belt driven units may be adjusted by changing the pulley on the drive motor of the fan. Variable-speed motors or variable-speed drives, whether electrical or hydraulic, may be used when frequent or essentially continuous variations are desired. When speed control is used, the revised pt curve can be calculated with the fan laws.

Inlet vane control is frequently used.

Tubeaxial and vaneaxial fans are made with adjustable pitch blades to permit balancing of the fan against the system or to make infrequent adjustments. Vaneaxial fans are also produced with controllable pitch blades (i.e., pitch that can be varied while the fan is in operation) for frequent or continuous adjustment. Varying pitch angle retains high efficiencies over a wide range of conditions. From the standpoint of noise, variable speed is somewhat better than variable blade pitch; however, both of these control methods give high operating efficiency control and generate appreciably less noise than inlet vane or damper control.



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